ACP YPN in AU-EU Youth Plug-In Initiative #AUEUYPII

Yentyl Williams, President and Founder of ACP YPN has been selected to be part of the AU-EU Youth Plug-In Initiative. The #AUEUYPII is an unprecedented initiative by the African Union and the European Union to move beyond words to actions. Yentyl was selected as part of 36 strong youth delegation to work for the next five weeks between the respective Headquarters, in Addis Ababa and Brussels, to develop concrete proposals from the Abidjan Youth Declaration to ultimately present the action points to the Heads of State at the 5th AU-EU Summit.

The AUEUYPII is a unique opportunity for young people in Europe and Africa to be part of the decision-making processes of both continents, as well as a key vector of visibility for the institutions’ efforts to include young voices in sustainable development dialogues. The delegates will continue to work on the six thematic areas: (i) education & skills, (ii) peace & security, (iii) governance & inclusion, (iv) environment & climate, (v) business & job creation, and (vi) culture & arts.

You can actively take part in the journey by sharing your ideas via this form and by using the social media hashtag #aueuypii.

Find out more about AUEUYPII via the website here.

Check out the AUEUYPII Blog here.

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ACP YPN at the 4th Africa-Europe Youth Summit

On 9th-11th October, ACP YPN co-organised the 4th Africa-Europe Youth Summit, in collaboration with ADYNE,  ADYFE, the Network of International Youth Organisations in Africa, the Pan-African Youth Union, and the European Youth Forum, with input from the Advisory Council on Youth of the Council of Europe, in Abidjan, Ivory Coast. ACP YPN was represented by Yentyl Williams ACP YPN President and Founder; Celine Fabrequette ACP YPN Secretary General & SDGs #5 expert; Bora Kamwanya ACP YPN Parliamentary Relations Advisor and June Lacour, ACP YPN Programme Coordinator. The Summit brought together 120 youth from Africa and Europe, as well as the diaspora, to discuss and develop concrete solutions to issues affecting youth on both continents on the following six thematic areas: (i) education & skills, (ii) peace & security, (iii) governance & inclusion, (iv) environment & climate, (v) business & job creation, and (vi) culture & arts. During the summit, ACP YPN alongside ADYNE and ADYFE took the opportunity to exchange and explain the importance and “need to leverage the unique potential of the Diaspora Youth to inspire and channel positive change and effective cooperation between Africa and Europe”. The Summit concluded with the Abidjan Youth Declaration, which is available here.

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The 4th Africa-Europe Youth Summit aimed to strengthen the role of young people in the political process preparing the 5th AU-EU Summit, 29-30 November in Abidjan, for which the theme is ‘Investing in Youth’. Recognising the importance of this upcoming Summit, as well as the upcoming ACP-EU post-Cotonou negotiations, the Abidjan Youth Declaration is a balanced and cross-sectoral declaration which builds on previous recommendations made by ACP YPN, such as the ACP YPN St Julian Action plan, the ACP YPN Nairobi Declaration, the ACP YPN response to the EU consultation on future EU-ACP relations, and other advocacy work. The Abidjan Youth Declaration reaffirms the fact that Youth in Africa, Europe, Caribbean and Pacific, including the diaspora, face similar struggles and have identified similar solutions to solve it. It also reaffirms and directly spells out the importance of formal including Youth organisations in institutional cooperation, specifically in the development and implementation of new and innovative strategies and initiatives. In order to achieve this, the Abidjan Youth Declaration calls upon the Head of States and institutions to integrate the provision of financial support for effective youth cooperation in their agreement.

Following on from the Summit, over the next five weeks running up to the AU-EU Heads of State Summit, Yentyl Williams, President and Founder of ACP YPN has been selected to be part of the AU-EU Youth Plug-In initiative. For the first time, 36 youth delegates are involved in this unprecedented initiative to move beyond words to actions by developing concrete proposals from the Abidjan Youth Declaration, working between Addis Ababa and Brussels, to ultimately present the action points to the Heads of State at the 5th AU-EU Summit.

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ACP YPN at the Foundation for European Progressive Studies

From September 25th to September 29th . during the Social and Democrats (S&D) Africa Week; the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) had a panel discussion in which Bora Kamwanya ACP YPN Parliamentary Relations Officer together with Kiza and Alphonse from Netherland discussed Youth Political Mobilisation, Freedom of Association and Peaceful Assembly in Africa. The panellists attempted to answer the questions: What challenges and what opportunities does the contemporary engagement of Millennials entail for Africa’s democracy and institutions?” And “What are the ways we can promote African youth political mobilisation, freedom of association and peaceful assembly?” The discussion was introduced by Vassilis Ntousas, FEPS International Relations Policy Advisor and moderated by Maria Freitas, FEPS Policy Advisor. Bora started by saying that that young people are interested in politics, they know how damaging the actual political status quo is to them and above all, they know that the solution resides in their knowledge.

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He then outlined 3 challenges he believes prevent youth from access to full political participation. The first one is Mutual Trust between young and old generations – Bora defined that what the young generation wants is what Daenerys Targaryen would call “to break the wheel”, while the older generation wants to hold on to it not matter what – In his analogy, Bora describes the younger generation as the Mother of Dragon and the older generation as Cersei Lannister. The second challenge is finding Tools to constructively criticise without fear of repression or pressure from the community. Bora stated that in Africa we are educated to respect our elders to a level that is almost holy. In fact, it’s not allowed to correct your elder. Last but not least, he outlined the challenge of Access to the tools for emancipation. Bora said that youth need more platforms where they can express themselves freely in front of their representatives. Moreover, they should be able to submit recommendations to them. e.g. as it is done through the ACP-EU JPA Youth Forum.

On the bright side, he said, there are opportunities to seize from our challenges. The first one is that we can engage in more inter-generational exchange to promote holistic policy and decision-making. And then, we have the possibility of making the first step and Connect MPs and young people; something that the St. Julian’s plan does, by going further than just a declaration and breaks with NATO culture (no Action Talk Only).

TO answer the question How do we promote youth political mobilization, freedom of association and peaceful assembly, Bora suggested three options.

  • Youth mainstreaming – recognize youth as an interest group e.g. in the constitution of Kenya, article 97, there is a legal obligation for political parties to nominate a proportion of their members to represent special interest, such as youth.
  • Inter-generational exchanges.
  • Opportunities for young people to be integrated in different societal structures e.g. Internships for inter-generational exchange with MPs, which also promotes awareness raising for youth on political processes, and that is what we recommend in St. Julian’s

By Bora Kamwanya

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ACP YPN on CSOs & EPAs at the European Parliament

On 28th September 2017, Yentyl Williams, ACP YPN President and Founder presented on “Cariforum & SADC: A model for other EPAs?” as part of S&D Africa week 2017 at the European Parliament, Brussels. This was the first official presentation in ACP YPN’s new capacity as official member of the EU-Cariforum Joint Consultative Committee at the European Economic and Social Committee. MEP Maria Arena chaired the session with two other Expert panellists: Brenda King MBE, Member at the EESC and President of the Sustainable Development Observatory (EESC) and Junior Lodge, Team Leader of the ACP-EU Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) programme and former Cariforum negotiator.

Yentyl’s presentation focused on three main areas:

  1. ACP exceptionalism in EU trade agreements vis-à-vis CSO provisions
  2. ACP exceptionalism within the EU-ACP EPAs vis-à-vis CSO provisions
  3. Recommendations for the SADC EPA & EAC and ECOWAS JCCs

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Firstly, she explained that there is ACP exceptionalism in EU trade agreements. For example, the EU-ACP EPAs – be it the Cariforum EPA or others since, – depart from the logic of other trade agreements that the EU has signed since the EU-Korea trade agreement and the EU’s global strategy. Notably, they do not necessarily have legally binding commitments on civil society engagement, not do they have dedicated sustainable chapters, expect for the SADC EPA. See more via her joint publication here.

Secondly, she also explained that the exceptionalism also exists within the different EPAs: from the EU-EAC and the EU-ECOWAS EPAs that contain similar provisions to the EU-CARIFORUM EPA i.e. they establish the JCCs, to the SADC EPA which have no provisions, besides an article referring to monitoring through the “respective participative processes and institutions’ of the Parties” (Art. 4, EU-SADC EPA).

Third, Yentyl laid out three recommendations for the EU-SADC EPA: (i) A protocol could be added to the agreement; (ii) CSOs can still meet to discuss the agreement despite no formal provisions in the EPA for this; (iii) CSOs can be formally included through use of the revision clause five years after the EPA entered into force.

In conclusion, Yentyl responded to the main question of the panel discussion by stating that the EU-SADC EPA cannot be used as a model because of its lack of provisions for CSO inclusion. Yet, the EU-Cariforum JCC can share lessons, best practice and actively engage with the other regions that are establishing JCCs. She also highlighted that ACP exceptionalism in EU relations must come to and end, and there are many broader lessons to learn from the other EU trade agreements.

Find out more about the EU-Cariforum JCC’s 1st meeting here.

Find out more about the EU-Cariforum JCC’s 2nd meeting here.

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ACP YPN partner on Youth for the 2nd S&D Africa week

On 25-27 September, ACP YPN co-hosted and co-organised the S&D Africa week’s Africa-EU Youth workshop bringing together 25 young people from both continents as part of the 2nd S&D Africa week in the European Parliament in Brussels. The participants discussed the theme ‘The Youth Vision for the Future Africa-EU Partnership‘ and drew up the  S&D Group Africa Week 2017 Youth Declaration, which will be presented to the EU-AU Heads of State Summit in November, in Abidjan, Ivory Coast by Gianni Pittella, President of the S&D group of the European Parliament.

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The first day of the workshop was divided into four thematic clusters. The first session addressed the issue of “Africa’s Demographic Boom & Europe’s Demographic Demise?- A Chance or a Disaster? Sexual and reproductive health and rights – Access to health information, religion and culture: Who decides?” The session was moderated by MEP Maria Arena – S&D Group Coordinator at the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly, Member of the European Parliament Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality (FEMM) and an introduction to the topic was given by Gina Wharton, ACP YPN Expert on SRHR and Advocacy Advisor at IPPF Europe Network.

The second session focused on “Root causes of internal and external migration: Challenges and the way forward: Conflict, economy and climate change“. The session was moderated by MEP Cécile Kyenge – Vice-President of the ACP_EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly, Member of the European Parliament Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) and introductory remarks to the subject was presented by Tarila Marclint Ebiede, ACP YPN Migration Expert.

The third session focused on “Youth employment: over-skilled, under-skilled or clientalism? Education, brain drain and entrepreneurship“. The session was moderated by MEP – Silvia Costa, S&D Group coordinator in the European Parliament Committee on Culture and Education, and introductory remarks were made on the role of entrepreneurship and education having positive impacts on youth employment by Yentyl Williams, ACP YPN President and Trade Expert.

Lastly, the fourth session focused on “Youth involvement in politics and public discourse: Good governance, transparency and accountability“. The session was moderated by MEP Elena Valenciano, Vice-President of the S&D Group and introductory remarks by June Paskalina Lacour, ACP YPN Expert and Project Coordinator. The second day was spent drafting the Declaration and a presentation of the main points discussed was made by the rapporteurs and special rapporter during the S&D group meeting on the third day of the workshop.

Besides the workshop, ACP YPN also contributed to the Foundation for Progressive European Studies (FEPS)SOLIDAR Millenial’s Dialogue, where Bora Kamwanya, ACP YPN Parliamentary Advisor spoke on “Africa at a Crossroads: Youth Political Mobilisation, Freedom of Association and Peaceful Assembly”. Bora presented alongside Serigne Bbodj, Researcher at the Imagine Africa Institue and Alphonse Muambi, Author and Expert on African elections & democracy, and the panel was chaired by Maria Freitas, Policy Advisor at FEPS.

Find out more about the S&D group here.

See more via #withAfrica

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ACP YPN with Youth for Sustainable Europe

On 24th – 27th September 2017, Aïssatou Touré, ACP YPN Agriculture and Sustainable Development Expert took part in “Youth for Sustainable Europe”- a special initiative for youth in development – organised by the Young European Federalists (JEF Europe) as part of the LADDER project (Local Authorities as Drivers for Development Education and Raising Awareness).

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Aïssatou discussed four important issues:

  1. the absence of reference to the Cotonou Partnership Agreement in the New European Consensus on Development;
  2. the relevance of glocalizing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs);
  3. the importance to develop ACP- EU traineeship for the youth on sustainable agriculture;
  4. the necessity to build bridges for the youth in Belgium.
  • First, Aïssatou explained the place of the SDGs in the European Union (EU) development’s policy as written in its strategic document for the SDGs, the New European Consensus on Development. Aïssatou then emphasized the fact that the Cotonou partnership agreements between African Caribbean and Pacific states (ACP) and the EU isn’t mentioned not once in the New European Consensus on Development, stating the evident lack of a coherent and pragmatic and inclusive strategy.
  • Second, Aïssatou suggested to glocalize the SDGs on a local level in order to implement it more easily and to be able to include the youth throughout the implementing process.
  • Third, Aïssatou proposed during a workshop on digital democracy with the Youth Metre tool the possibility to implement a training on eco-farming for the youth of ACP and EU countries to share good practices and expertise on the subject.
  • Fourth, Aïssatou in collaboration with a JEF member offered, during a workshop on youth participation, to develop a project “Breaking the Bubbles” that exist between European expats and Belgian with migrant background by creating bridges throughout a variety of activities.

In conclusion, throughout the different panel discussions, workshops and debates several tangible concrete solutions were discussed, good practices and expertise were shared, all with the aim of enhancing youth participation for a more sustainable world.

By Aïssatou Touré – Get in touch with Aïssatou on LinkedIn Twitter.

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ACP YPN at the 2nd Africa Co-Operative Youth Conference

On the 21st of September, Bora Kamwanya ACP YPN Parliamentary Relations Officer attended and spoke at Alliance Africa 2nd Africa-Co-operative Youth Conference in Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo which brought together Youth from 17 African Nations. The conference was about the “Harnessing Innovation among Youth through Co-operatives”. Before a crowd of Youth who individually have positively affected their community and the Provincial Minister Representing the Congolese Authority, Bora opened his intervention by remind the participants and government representatives present thatLeadership does not respect age.

Taking the example of ACP YPN Joint Parliamentary Assembly Youth Conference, which brings together Youth from ACP and EU countries and create an inter-generational dialogue with ACP & EU Members of National and European Parliament. He called on the youth to be involved as much as possible in policy making to make their voices heard by policymakers on one hand and on the other hand to learn, support and teach other Youth about the legislative process at local, regional, national and international level.

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Bora explained that over the past three editions of the ACP YPN Joint Parliamentary Assembly Youth Conference a Declaration and an Action plan were drafted by ACP, EU & Diaspora Youth and submitted to Members of National Parliament of ACP countries and the Members of European Parliament. The next step is the implementation process, and here again Youth carried a great responsibility in the “Right” implementation and need to find and developed social and economic sustainable solutions. He explained that youth will have to assess Agenda 2030 and Agenda 2063 and that they need to be taking actions now; Bora invited interested youth to participate to the next ACP YPN Steering Committee en vue of the next ACP YPN JPA Youth Conference organised in collaboration with the ACP Secretariat and the European Parliament.

To conclude; Bora addressed Official present and inquired who’s future are they planning if they do not include the youth; before quoting Nelson Mandela “What is done for us without us, is done against us”. Nothing good will be done for us. If we want both our worlds to meet, we the youth need to make the first step and never stop going forward to get what we want and deserve.

By Bora Kamwanya

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ACP YPN at Linklater’s Diversity & Inclusion week

On 11th September 2017, Yentyl Williams, ACP YPN President and Founder, moderated the panel on ‘Inter-sectionality in law and practice’ as part of Linklater’s Diversity & Inclusions week. She had the honour to join Jason-Louise Graham, Knowledge & Learning, Linklaters who spear-headed the initiative, and Alfiaz Vaiya, Coordinator of the European Parliament Anti-Racism and Diversity Intergroup (ARDI).

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Jason-Louise Graham provided a brief summary of the meaning of intersectionality by summarising the legal case of Emma DeGraffenreid v. GENERAL MOTORS (GM) 1976. The Court dismissed the case because GM had hired women, albeit white, and it had hired black people, albeit men. The court did not see the problem and would not let Emma DeGraffenreid benefit from two separate claims in one go. The court dismissed the case because the facts did not fit into the available lens or frame so it could not easily incorporate these facts into its way of reasoning, thus creating a blind spot. In other words, Crenshaw concluded: We cannot see/identify a problem when we do not have words to communicate about it, and we cannot communicate about it unless we can see it, but we cannot see it unless we have the correct lens to see with. The court did not have the correct lens. After discovering this case, in the 1980’s, Professor Kimberly Crenshaw coined the term intersectionality. She uses the word to explain that people’s identities are multi-dimensional – something we are all aware of. But identities are the layered in power – some with mostly dominant characteristics, while others are layered with more (or mostly) non-dominant, or marginalising characteristics. When multiple social ‘problems’ overlap, they create multiple levels of social injustice.

Alfiaz presented on Mainstreaming Anti-Racism & Inter-Sectionality based on his work as co-ordinator of ARDI. He presented the two CJEU cases: G4S v Achbita and Bougnaoui and explained the following: 1) ‘Neutrality’, set of norms based on the historical development of the majority population of any country, historical social construct, subject to change; 2) One cannot be neutral only by removing certain visible signs, a broad and diverse range of behaviours, opinions, ideas exist that cannot be “neutralized”; 3) Neutrality should be required for the tasks you perform as an employee, not for the clothes you wear; 4) Generally, policies of neutrality are used to justify restrictions on the ability of religious, ethnic and racial minorities to manifest their religion. Neutrality policies do not tend to be used to counter the effect of broader, mainstream and more invisible influences in the work-place; 5) Policies of neutrality are not neutral – they exclude some symbols of difference (religious symbols) but not others (clothing signifying gender); 6) Policies of neutrality disproportionately affect those choosing to visibly manifest their religion over those who do not or those who do not have a religion; 7) Workplaces in Europe should be the reflection of an increasingly diverse Europe and not only open to those who fit white secular norms.

Yentyl posed several questions to Alfiaz, including ‘Are there national frontiers within the debate on racial equality?’ and gave input with regards to the work that ACP YPN is doing to increase diversity and inclusion at the level of the EU e.g. starting with promoting diversity at the College of Europe, but also recently co-signing a joint CSO letter on recommendations for the European Commission’s Diversity & Inclusion Strategy. There was active participation from the audience, with all questions coming from senior management. Yentyl referenced the finding’s of the Deloitte Human Capital Trends report 2017, which aptly states that ‘diverse and inclusive teams are more innovative, engaged, and creative in their work‘.

What is Linklaters? Linklaters LLP is a multinational law firm – the Linklaters Brussels office has more than 120 staff with specialists in different legal fields wrking with a diverse range of clients, from corporations, financial institutions and governments. The Belgian team is closely integrated within the global platform of more than 2,000 lawyers across 29 offices in 20 countries.

Are you a student, trainee or junior lawyer interested to join Linklaters? Find out more information here.

What is ARDI? The European Parliament Anti-Racism and Diversity Intergroup (ARDI) exists to promote racial equality, counter racism, and educate about non-discrimination in the work of the European Parliament. It aims to be at the heart of parliamentary work for racial equality, and against all discrimination based on racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, and nationality. The Intergroup also looks at discrimination based on these grounds together with gender and age.

What does ARDI do? ARDI works to 1) Mainstream anti-racism and diversity in European Parliament policy areas such as migration, and support initiatives on other discrimination grounds (such as the adoption of the European Union (EU) Equal Treatment Directive); 2) Adopt calls for national strategies to combat Afrophobia, anti-Gypsyism, anti-Semitism and Islamophobia, as well as ensure the implementation of National Roma Integration Strategy in line with non-discrimination standards, and identify key policy areas to advance equality; 3) Strengthen EU and national legal basis to tackle all crimes of hate speech and crime and to ensure investigation and prosecution of racist crimes; 4) Implement appropriate disciplinary and self-regulatory mechanisms in the European Parliament to help combat hate speech in the European Parliament and by European political leaders; 5) Promote diversity in the workplace and in political participation.

ACP YPN was supported by Rachele Gianfagna, LLM graduate specialised in EU migration and a trainee lawyer with Avocats sans Frontières; and Anne Oloo, LLM student at the University of Ghent.

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ACP YPN co-sign letter EU Diversity & Inclusion Strategy

On 4th September 2017, the ACP YPN and 28 organisations working on equality in the EU published an open letter to Jean-Claude Juncker, President of European Commission and Günther Oettinger, European Commissioner for Budget and Human Resources, which expresses some deep concern vis-à-vis the European Commission’s Diversity and Inclusion Strategy – ‘A better workplace for all: from equal opportunities to towards diversity and inclusion.’

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Firstly, the letter expresses concern “with the decision to exclude staff belonging to racial, ethnic and religious minorities as a specific target group in this strategy and the failure to plan targeted measures to improve racial, ethnic and religious diversity at the European Commission”.

Secondly, the letter also expresses concern that “[b]y not specifically tackling discrimination based on race, ethnic origin and religion, this strategy falls short of this mission and overlooks one of the most pressing concerns of diversity and inclusion in the European Commission today”.

 Thirdly, the letter underlines that “Particularly at senior levels, the issue of under-representation is acute. This points to a trend of structural discrimination within the European Commission and jeopardises the equal inclusion of racial, ethnic and religious minority staff”.

Based on these issues, the co-signatories recommended that:

  1. The Strategy be amended immediately to include ‘racial, ethnic and religious minority staff’ as a target group and specific measures are developed to ensure that the Commission is a fair and equal workplace for this group.
  2. The specific measures acknowledge and take steps to address the overwhelming lack of representation of racial, ethnic and religious minorities (particularly at senior levels), discrimination within the workplace, and the need for policies for reasonable accommodation of cultural and religious needs for Commission staff. Particular attention should also be devoted to the workplace situation of women belonging to this group.
  3. In the design of the forthcoming operational action plan the European Commission should seek advice from organisations with expertise on this issue, and consult racial, ethnic and religious minority staff – both men and women. The plan should implement specific measures for this target group.

Read the full letter here via the ENAR website.

What is the European Network Against Racism (ENAR)? ENAR is the only pan-European anti-racism network that combines advocacy for racial equality and facilitating cooperation among civil society anti-racism actors in Europe. The organisation was set up in 1998 by grassroots activists on a mission to achieve legal changes at European level and make decisive progress towards racial equality in all EU Member States. Since then, ENAR has grown and achieved a great deal.

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ACP YPN at PACO conference on Parliaments in EU Diplomacy

On 31st August, Yentyl Williams, Researcher at the Centre of EU Studies (CEUS), Ghent University and ACP YPN President & Founder, presented her work on the EU-ACP Joint Parliamentary Assembly (JPA) at the Jean Monnet Network PACO’s final conference on ‘Parliaments in EU Diplomacy and External Action – Control Cooperation and Contestation’ at the University Foundation, Brussels.

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Yentyl presented her paper, co-written with Dr. Sarah Delputte, entitled, ‘Equal partnership between unequal regions? Assessing deliberative parliamentary diplomacy in ACP-EU relations’ on the fourth panel of the conference, on ‘Parliamentary Scrutiny and diplomacy in the area of trade policy and regional cooperation’ alongside esteemed experts: Prof. Dr. Seiglinde Gstohl (College of Europe, Bruges), Prof. Dr. Dirk de Bièvre (University of Antwerp), Tomas Baert (Head of Trade Strategy, DG Trade, European Commission) and Dr. Xavier Nuttin (European Parliament).

Yentyl explained that while there might be a considerable amount of literature on EU-ACP relations, the JPA has been somewhat of a forgotten institution in the partnership. This is surprising for two reasons: (i) the JPA is the oldest and most institutionalised parliamentary assembly between the countries of the global North and South. Indeed, it was a model for similar North-South parliamentary assemblies, such as the Euro-Mediterranean Parliamentary Assembly (EMPA) and the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly (EUROLAT); and (ii) the parliamentary dimension has grown in importance both within and beyond the EU-ACP framework with each revision of Cotonou.

Yentyl explained that the paper develops an analytical framework to assess the quality of deliberation on the subject of the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) at the ACP-EU JPA based on five areas (see below). However, the results showed that JPA dialogue on EPAs struggles to approach the ideal type of deliberation, even if there is overwhelming consensus on EPAs at the JPA. For example, there were a number of recurrent critical issues: (i) participation of EU MEPs in political parties versus ACP country representatives; (ii) ACP bloc voting blurring the substantial openness; (iii) narrow interests pervert the common good; (iv) the JPA split vote threats constructive politics, or (v) rules of procedure reinforces difference as opposed to neutralising it – which lowers the quality deliberation at the JPA.

In summary, Yentyl underlined that the findings of the paper would serve as useful points and recommendations for EU and ACP negotiators as they approach the revision of the EU-ACP partnership in a post-Cotonou era.

What is the Jena Monnet Network PACO? The Jean Monnet Network ‘Interparliamentary Cooperation in the EU’s external action – Parliamentary Scrutiny and Diplomacy in the EU and beyond’ (PACO) brings together three inter-related teaching and research areas: EU external relations, inter-parliamentary cooperation and parliamentary diplomacy. PACO aims to discover and explain if and why inter-parliamentary cooperation in the field of external relations has contributed towards increased scrutiny by the EP and national parliaments; (ii) PACO aims to discover and explain if and why parliamentary diplomacy can add to the diplomatic tool set in the EU’s cooperation with third partners via its own delegations at the bilateral and multilateral levels (i.e. countries, regional blocs like the ACP or regional organizations like the African Union); (iii) PACO aims to contribute to a new understanding of the role of European parliaments (EP, national parliaments) in EU external action.

See the Virtual Maps of Inter-Parliamentary Cooperation (VIPCO) here.

See the VIPCO factsheet for the ACP-EU JPA here.

See the official pictures here.

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